Dehradun is one of the oldest cities of India, bejeweled in the lower Himalayan mountain ranges, the city is perched at an elevation of 435 metres and is currently enjoying its stature as the capital of Uttarakhand. Dehradun is the gateway to the famous hill station Mussoorie and the pilgrimage spots of Haridwar and Rishikesh.
Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, Dehradun is one of the oldest cities of India and has recently been declared as the Provisional Capital of newly created Uttaranchal (Now Uttarakhand) State in the month of November, 2000. Also known as the ‘Adobe of Drona’, Dehradun has always been an important center for Garhwal rulers who were captured by the British. The headquarters of many National Institutes and Organizations like ONGC, Survey Of India, Forest Research Institute, Indian Institute of Petroleum etc. are located in the city. Some of the premier educational and training Institutes like Indian Miltary Academy, RIMC(Rashtriya Indian Military College), Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy(IGNFA), Lal Bahadur Shahstri National Academy of Administration(LBSNAA)etc are also there in Dehradun. It is a favoured destination as it attracts tourists, pilgrims and enthusiasts from various walks of life to its serene environs. Add to this the abundance of special Basmati rice, tea and lychee gardens which contribute in turning the city into a paradise.
The district is named after its chief city Dehra Dun. Dehra appears to be a corruption of dera signifying a temporary abode or camp. During the reign of Aurangzeb, Ram Rai, Guru of the Udasi Sikhs, on being ordered by the Mughal king to retire to the wilderness of the Dun, had pitched his tents here in what is now the Khurbura locality of the town and had also built a temple near Dhanawala. Around these two sites, grew up the town popularly known as Dehra. The term dun or doon means the low lands at the foot of a mountain range, and as the bulk of the district lies in such a terrain, it justifies the dun part of the name.
According to Skanda Purana, Dun was formed as a part of the region called Kedar Khand. It was included in the kingdom of Ashoka by the end of the 3rd century B.C. It has been revealed by history that for centuries, the region was formed as a part of the Garhwal kingdom with some interruption from the Rohillas. For about two decades till 1815, it was under the occupation of the Gorkhas. In April 1815, Gorkhas were ousted from Garhwal region and Garhwal was annexed by the British. In that year the area now comprising tehsil Dehra Dun, was added to district Saharanpur. In 1825, however, it was transferred to the Kumaon Division. In 1828, Dehra Dun and Jaunsar Bhabar were placed under the charge of a separate Deputy Commissioner and in 1829; the Dehra Dun district was transferred from the Kumaon Division to the Meerut Division. In 1842, Dun was attached to Saharanpur district and placed under an Officer, subordinate to the Collector of the district but since 1871 it is being administered as a separate district. In 1968 the district was taken out from the Meerut division and was included in the Garhwal Division.
Places of Interest
The Tapkeshwar temple is in the Garhi Cantonment zone around 6.5 kms. from the Dehradun city. Tapkeshwar is a radiant place along a regular waterway in the thick woods valley where an extensive number of Lord Shiva Devotees throng during the Shivratri. The water or dampness gathered from the slopes and trees, streams down as drops onto the Shivling, thus the name Tapkeshwar. Thousands and more; individuals group to this spot to see the uncommon wedding function of Shiva and Parvati.
Situated at a distance of 14 kms, from Dehradun, is Sahastradhara, a colorful outing spot and a famous vacation destination of Dehradun. With its strict importance being 'Thousand Fold Spring', Sahastradhara is a lovely sulfur spring, having a fall of nearly 9 meters and leaves an incrustation of lime on everything it touches. Particles along these lines which have gathered over the course of hundreds of years, have framed an anticipating edge, and a kind of cavern, from the top of which, falls an unending shower. There is additionally a sulfur spring in which the guests frequently indulge. Its water is said to cure skin diseases and have other restorative properties.
Malsi Deer Park
Malsi Deer Park is situated at around 10 kms. from the city on the way to Mussoorie. Malsi Deer Park is a home to the two horned deer, Neelgai and an assortment of various birds. This is a zoological park that lies at the foothills of the Shivalik range. It also has a kid's park and is a good family destination.
Located 7 kms. from Dehradun on the Dehradun-Delhi road is the acclaimed Chandrabani Temple(Gautam Kund). As per the mythological conventions, this spot was occupied by Maharishi Gautam, his wife, Ahalya and girl Anjani who are revered by the individuals. It is known that the girl of the paradise, Ganga, had shown herself on this spot which is currently prominently known as the Gautam Kund. Devotees take a dip in this sacred kund in large numbers.
The Sai Darbar Temple is a standout amongst the most beautiful and well known temples in Dehradun. It is situated on Rajpur Road, 8 kms. from the Clock Tower, found far from the rushing about of Dehradun. Devoted to Shirdi Sai Baba, the temple is regularly visited by numerous aficionados crosswise over diverse beliefs. The Sai Darbar Temple is built out of marble and the icon of Sai Baba is set amidst the temple. There is a huge lobby in the temple where requests to God are held each night.
Lachhiwala is a popular picnic spot located on the Haridwar – Rishikesh road, 22 kms. from Dehradun. Encircled between Sal trees, Lachhiwala is a fun loving destination for visitors of all age groups. There are man made water pools in which visitors can enjoy bathing whilst also appreciating the great nature views. This is also a popular trekking place and is usually crowded over weekends.
Santala Devi Temple
Santala Devi Temple is situated at a distance of around 15 kms. from Dehradun. Explorers can reach the temple by a bus till Jaitunwala, and from that point, it is a 2 km drive to Punjabiwala. From Punjabiwala, explorers need to trek around 2 kms. to reach the temple. According to historical proof, when Santala Devi and her sibling understood that they would not have the capacity to battle the Mughals, they discarded their weapons and began to implore. All of a sudden, a light gleamed on them, and they transformed into stone symbols. This temple is thronged by devotees on Saturdays.
Tapovan, a hallowed spot, is situated at a distance of around 5 kms. from the city of Dehradun. It is a picturesque place on the banks of the consecrated Ganges. This spot is known for its prevalent view that, Guru Dronacharya had experienced his retribution here. Dronacharya was the Guru of the Kauravas and the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata. This conviction prompts the interest among the sightseers and the religious individuals.
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